Deepawali is the festival of light and is the most important festivals in the Hindu calendar in India. Deepawali marks the victory of light over darkness. The essence of Light festival is to shed the darkness of negativism to embrace new and positive for inner and outer enhancement of the self and body.
Rituals of the Deepawali have an intention. Behind the revelry and fun this subtle meanings one must understand and follow in rest of the year for wealth and well being. The feast and the bursting of fire crackers show the happy and plentiful state of being on the earth. Rituals are different in various parts of country, but the spirit behind them is the same.
Festival starts from the fourteenth day of the fortnight, they celebrate Day as Narakchaturdashi. Lord Krishna eliminated demon Narakasura on that day. Narakasura had a boon of dying through mother’s hands. Lord Krishna took his wife Satyabhama as his charioteer who was an incarnation of Narakasura’s mother. Satyabhama kills Narakasura. This signifies that parents must behave with children to instil good habits. Narakchaturhashi is a rise and shine. A practice of waking up early in the morning considered good for material and spiritual progress of the person. The day begins early in the morning, people take a bath with the massage of aromatic oils and powders, light the lamps and burst crackers. As the day proceeds they visit homes of dear ones and feast as a gesture of goodwill and love. Laxmi Puja is the second day of the Deepawali. An auspicious new moon day in the Almanac. Goddess Laxmi very benevolent on the day. Her worship on the day can shower the material rewards over the year. Besides material benefits Laxmi Puja brings inner peace and contentment too. People offer Puja to Laxmi along with the valuables and ornaments at home, with lights and crackers. Among the traders Laxmi Puja is the last day of trading. From next day starts the New trading year.
The new trading Year sets off from Padva. Padva is one of the three and half auspicious days of the Indian Panchang. Traders, Businessmen and entrepreneurs start new ventures on the day and open new account books for the running firms. In parts of India husband gives a gift to a wife on Padva. According to the scriptures King Bali allowed coming to earth from lower kingdom to light the lamps. Padva is known as Bali Pratipada and sends the message of prosper and progress.
The last day of Deepawali is Bhai Dooj or Yama Dwitiya. The lord of death Yama visits his sister Yami on the day. The lord of death Yama visits his sister Yami on the day. In most of the households brother visits sister home on Bhai Dooj. It signifies importance of relations and bonding in our life. On the same day in parts of India people celebrate Govardhan Puja by feeding poor for free to revive the spirit of charity.
There are many parables in literature which explain Deepwali. Lord Rama returned to Ayodhya after fourteen years of isolation in forests on the day of Deepawali. Jains consider that the Bhagvan Mahavir attained enlightenment on the same day. Beyond the parables the most relevant is the subtlest message of this festival, sit close eyes, withdraw senses and inside illuminate the eternal light.
Monsoon signed off filling the reservoirs and rivers. Dussehra and Sharad Purnima had left with the spirit of joy and satisfaction. It is a bright and sunny outside and winter is to set. With pockets full of money after a bountiful harvest, India looks forward to Deepawali to rededicate their lives to fresh energy and ambition.